Permintaan akan Direktur Wanita di Perusahaan Asia Pasifik Tetap Tinggi, tetapiPerwakilan Masih Rendah, Menurut Kajian Keanekaragaman Gender Dewan DireksiKorn/Ferry

AsiaNet 43602

SINGAPURA, 7 Maret 2011 /PRNewswire-AsiaNet/ —

– Wanita terus kurang terwakili di direksi perusahaan Asia Pasifik

– Karakteristik demografi direktur wanita diketahui sangat berbeda dari
direktur pria

Temuan awal dalam studi keragaman direksi oleh Korn/Ferry International
mendapati bahwa perwakilan wanita di dewan direksi perusahaan di kawasan Asia
Pasifik masih rendah dan bahwa direktur wanita memiliki karakteristik
demografis yang berbeda dibandingkan dengan direktur pria.

Meskipun direksi perusahaan semakin diakui memasukkan pertimbangan
keragaman, termasuk jenis kelamin, ketika menunjuk direktur, studi ini
mendapati persentase direktur wanita terus rendah di kawasan ini. Lebih dari 70
persen direksi perusahaan di lima negara – Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Selandia
Baru dan Singapura – tidak memiliki direktur independen wanita. Dewan direksi
dengan tiga atau lebih direktur wanita langka, sementara direksi dengan tiga
atau lebih direktur independen perempuan hampir tidak ada.

Temuan ini merupakan bagian dari studi lebih luas mengenai keragaman
direksi perusahaan yang dilakukan oleh Korn/Ferry dan dipimpin oleh Associate
Professor Mak Yuen Teen dari NUS Business School di National University of
Singapore, yang merupakan otoritas yang diakui dalam tata kelola perusahaan di
Asia.

Studi ini, yang pertama di kawasan Asia Pasifik yang berfokus pada
keragaman direksi perusahaan, mencakup 100 perusahaan domestik terbesar
berdasarkan kapitalisasi pasar di Australia, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia,
Selandia Baru dan Singapura. Studi ini membandingkan sejauh mana direktur
wanita dan pria menduduki posisi kepemimpinan penting dalam direksi perusahaan,
serta profil direktur wanita dan pria di negara-negara ini. Sebanyak 4.630
direktur yang menduduki total 5.335 jabatan di perusahaan itu termasuk dalam
studi tersebut.

“Dunia memperhatikan potensi dan kekuatan wanita – sebagai konsumen,
sebagai pemimpin dan sebagai mayoritas bakat yang berkembang,” kata Alicia Yi,
direktur utama layanan klien strategis Korn/Ferry International Asia Pacific.
“Terdapat kian banyak permintaan akan calon direksi perempuan di seluruh dunia
karena perusahaan mulai menyadari bahwa direksi perusahaan yang sukses harus
mencerminkan pasar yang mereka layani dan bahwa tim kepemimpinan yang homogen
dapat kurang mampu berbisnis di lingkungan bisnis yang semakin kompleks,”
tambahnya.

Studi ini juga mendapati sejumlah perbedaan penting antara karakteristik
demografi direktur wanita dan pria, termasuk:

– Direktur wanita lebih muda daripada direktur pria di semua negara,
rata-rata sekitar tiga tahun.
– Direktur wanita lebih mungkin memiliki latar belakang pendidikan hukum
atau akuntansi dibandingkan direktur pria, sementara direktur pria lebih
mungkin memiliki latar belakang teknik dan ilmu pengetahuan.
– Rata-rata masa jabatan direktur independen wanita lebih singkat daripada
direktur pria di semua negara.

Mengomentari hasil-hasil studi itu, Professor Mak berkata, “Diskusi
mengenai susunan direksi perusahaan yang sesuai terus berkembang dari fokus
pada kemandirian, ke kompetensi, ke komitmen, dan sekarang pada keragaman.
Direksi perusahaan kian diakui perlu memasukkan pertimbangan keragaman ketika
menunjuk direktur, termasuk memiliki keanekaragaman gender. Studi ini
menunjukkan bahwa direktur wanita yang ditunjuk ke direksi perusahaan memiliki
profil demografis yang berbeda dibandingkan dengan direktur pria, dan karena
itu mereka meningkatkan keragaman direksi perusahaan di luar sekedar
keanekaragaman gender.”

“Banyak perusahaan terkemuka saat ini menganggap serius isu
keanekaragaman, termasuk keragaman gender – dengan menetapkan target karyawan,
melacak dan mencari cara meningkatkan – karena kian banyak bukti menunjukkan
bahwa direksi perusahaan dan tim manajemen yang lebih beragam dapat lebih
efektif,” ujar Yi.

“Karena Asia terus tumbuh dan menjadi komponen penting ekonomi global,
saya yakin bahwa seluruh isu keragaman dan susunan direksi perusahaan akan
meningkat disaat perusahaan menyadari bahwa direksi perusahaan yang paling
efektif adalah yang bersifat internasional – dan dengan keragaman yang lebih
fungsional, sektor dan menyangkut gender,” tambahnya.

Temuan penting tambahan mengenai keragaman gender dalam direksi perusahaan
Asia Pasifik termasuk:

– Direktur wanita umumnya kurang terwakili dalam posisi kepemimpinan
direksi seperti ketua dewan direksi dan komite dewan direksi.
– Australia memiliki persentase tertinggi direktur wanita dengan 11,2
persen dari semua direktur adalah wanita.
– Hanya 14 dari ke-600 direksi perusahaan di keenam negara memiliki lebih
dari dua direktur wanita.
– Hanya satu dari ke-600 direksi perusahaan di keenam negara memiliki tiga
atau lebih direktur independen wanita.
– Persentase direktur wanita bervariasi di antara direktur eksekutif,
direktur non-eksekutif non-independen, dan direktur non-eksekutif independen.
Hong Kong memiliki persentase tertinggi direktur eksekutif wanita; Malaysia
memiliki persentase tertinggi direktur non-eksekutif non-independen, dan
Australia memiliki persentase tertinggi direktur non-eksekutif independen
wanita.

Praktek Layanan Direksi Perusahaan & CEO Korn/Ferry
Praktek Layanan Direksi Perusahaan & CEO Korn/Ferry membantu klien dengan
pencarian dan pemilihan direksi perusahaan, Pencarian dan pemilihan CEO,
Perencanaan dan penilaian Suksesi CEO, efektifitas direksi perusahaan, serta
konsultan kompensasi direktur/eksekutif.

Tentang Korn/Ferry International Asia Pacific
Korn/Ferry International, dengan kehadiran di seluruh Amerika, Asia
Pasifik, Eropa, Timur Tengah dan Afrika, adalah penyedia global terkemuka
solusi manajemen bakat. Korn/Ferry merupakan firma pencarian eksekutif global
besar pertama yang beroperasi di Asia Pasifik ketika diresmikan di Tokyo pada
tahun 1973 dan saat ini memiliki 18 kantor di pusat bisnis utama di kawasan
tersebut. Perusahaan yang berbasis di Los Angeles ini memberikan berbagai
solusi yang membantu klien menarik, menyebarkan, mengembangkan dan memberi
imbalan atas bakat mereka. Kunjungi www.kornferry.com untuk informasi lebih
lanjut tentang kelompok usaha Korn/Ferry International, dan
www.kornferryinstitute.com untuk kepemimpinan berpikir, kekayaan intelektual
dan penelitian.

SUMBER: Korn/Ferry International

KONTAK: Carol Lo dari Korn/Ferry International,
+65 6231 6219,
carol.lo@kornferry.com

Demand for Female Directors on Asia Pacific Boards Remains High, but Representation is Still Low, According to Korn/Ferry Gender Board Diversity Study

SINGAPORE, March 7, 2011 /PRNewswire-AsiaNet/ —

– Females continue to be under-represented in boards of Asia Pacific companies

– Demographic characteristics of female directors found to be very different from male directors

    Initial findings in a board diversity study by Korn/Ferry International has found that female representation on boards of directors in the Asia Pacific region remains low and that female directors have different demographic characteristics compared to male directors.

    Despite an increasing recognition for boards to incorporate diversity considerations, including gender, when appointing directors, the study found the percentage of female directors continues to be low across the region. More than 70 percent of boards in five countries – Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore – have no female independent directors. Boards with three or more female directors were rare, while boards with three or more female independent directors were almost non-existent.

    The findings are part of a broader study on board diversity undertaken by Korn/Ferry and led by Associate Professor Mak Yuen Teen of the NUS Business School at the National University of Singapore, who is a recognized authority on corporate governance in Asia.

    The study, the first in the Asia Pacific region focusing on board diversity, covers the largest 100 domestic companies by market capitalization in Australia, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore. The study compares the extent to which female and male directors hold key leadership positions on boards, as well as the profiles of female and male directors in these countries. A total of 4,630 directors holding a total of 5,335 directorships in these companies were included in the study.

    “The world is taking notice of the potential and power of women – as consumers, as leaders and as a growing majority of the talent pool,” said Alicia Yi, managing director strategic client services of Korn/Ferry International Asia Pacific. “There has been an increasing demand for female board candidates across the globe as companies start to recognize that successful boards should reflect the markets they serve and that homogenous leadership teams can be less equipped to do business in an increasing complex business environment,” she added.

    The study also found a key number of differences between the demographic characteristics of female and male directors, including:

    – Female directors are younger than male directors across all countries, by about three years on average.
    – Female directors were more likely than male directors to have law or accounting educational backgrounds, while male directors were more likely to have engineering and science backgrounds.
    – The average tenure of female independent directors is shorter than male directors across all countries.

    Commenting on the results of the study, Professor Mak said, “Discussions on appropriate board composition continues to evolve from a focus on independence, to competencies, to commitment, and now to diversity. There is an increasing recognition that boards need to incorporate diversity considerations when appointing directors, including having gender diversity. The study shows that female directors who are appointed on boards have different demographic profiles compared to male directors, and therefore they enhance board diversity beyond just gender diversity.”

    “A lot of leading companies are now taking diversity, including gender diversity, issues quite seriously – setting employee targets, tracking and looking for ways to improve – as increasing evidence suggests that more diverse boards and management teams can be more effective,” said Yi.

    “As Asia continues on its growth path and becomes a critical component of the global economy, I have no doubt that the whole issue of board diversity and composition will accelerate as companies recognize that the most effective boards will be the ones that are international – and with more functional, sector and gender diversity,” she added.

    Additional key findings on gender diversity on Asia Pacific boards include:

    – Female directors are generally underrepresented in board leadership positions such as board chairs and board committee chairs.
    – Australia has the highest percentage of female directors with 11.2 percent of all directors being female.
    – Only 14 out of the 600 boards in the six countries have more than two female directors.
    – Only one out of the 600 boards in the six countries has three or more female independent directors.
    – The percentage of female directors varies among executive directors, non-independent non-executive directors, and independent non-executive directors. Hong Kong has the highest percentage of female executive directors; Malaysia has the highest percentage of female non-independent non-executive directors; and Australia has the highest percentage of female independent non-executive directors.

    Korn/Ferry Board & CEO Services Practice
    Korn/Ferry International’s Board & CEO Services Practice assists clients with board director search and selection, CEO Search and selection, CEO Succession Planning and assessment, board effectiveness, and director/executive compensation consulting.

    About Korn/Ferry International Asia Pacific
    Korn/Ferry International, with a presence throughout the Americas, Asia Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Africa, is a premier global provider of talent management solutions. Korn/Ferry was the first major global executive search firm to operate in Asia Pacific when it opened its doors in Tokyo in 1973 and today has 18 offices in key business centres throughout the region. Based in Los Angeles, the firm delivers an array of solutions that help clients to attract, deploy, develop and reward their talent. Visit www.kornferry.com for more information on the Korn/Ferry International family of companies, and www.kornferryinstitute.com for thought leadership, intellectual property and research.

    SOURCE: Korn/Ferry International

    CONTACT: Carol Lo of Korn/Ferry International,
             +65 6231 6219,
             carol.lo@kornferry.com