Survei atas Mahasiswa Jepang Menunjukkan Perubahan Sikap dan Pandangan sejak Bencana pada bulan Maret

AsiaNet 46335

TOKYO, 15 September /Kyodo JBN-AsiaNet/ —

Sebuah survei yang dilakukan oleh anggota divisi mahasiswa Soka Gakkai di
wilayah Tohoku, utara Jepang menunjukkan perubahan signifikan dalam sikap
orang-orang muda sejak “bencana tiga kali” pada tanggal 11 Maret 2011, yakni
gempa bumi, tsunami dan kebocoran pembangkit listrik tenaga nuklir.

Dalam survei atas lebih dari 500 mahasiswa di 47 universitas dan sekolah
kejuruan di Miyagi, Fukushima dan Iwate (ketiga prefektur yang langsung terkena
dampak bencana tersebut), serta Aomori, Akita dan Yamagata, para responden
menyatakan bahwa pandangan mereka mengenai tujuan kerja, tenaga nuklir, dan
pentingnya membantu orang lain telah berubah.

Ketika mencari pekerjaan, tujuan utama para mahasiswa sebelumnya adalah
mendapatkan penghasilan (23,2%). Sekarang tujuannya dilaporkan “membantu orang
lain” (18,8%) dan “mencapai kehidupan yang stabil” (17,7%). Banyak mahasiswa
juga menunjukkan bahwa motivasi mereka sekarang adalah demi masyarakat (16,8%).

Ketika ditanya mengenai isu-isu apa yang telah mengubah pandangan mereka,
19,9% responden menyatakan bahwa pandangan mereka mengenai tenaga nuklir telah
berubah (angka ini lebih tinggi, sebesar 23%, di antara mahasiswa dari daerah
bencana), 18,1% menunjukkan pergeseran dalam perspektif mereka tentang
pentingnya membantu orang lain dan 17,7% perubahan dalam penghargaan mereka
atas dasar-dasar kehidupan sehari-hari seperti tempat tinggal, makanan dan
pakaian.

Ketika ditanya apakah mereka mengidentifikasi setiap hasil yang positif
dari bencana 11 Maret, 45% menyebutkan penguatan hubungan antara orang-orang.
Dalam hal pelajaran yang telah mereka dapat, 34,2% menekankan perlunya kesiapan
terhadap bencana dan 21,1% menyoroti pentingnya merawat orang lain.

Untuk pertanyaan tentang karakteristik masyarakat ideal mereka, 38,2%
mengidentifikasi masyarakat di mana orang dapat percaya dan saling mengandalkan.

Hironobu Nakamura, pemimpin divisi mahasiswa Tohoku Soka Gakkai,
berkomentar, “Banyak anggota mahasiswa kami telah membantu dengan upaya
pertolongan. Melalui survei ini, mereka ingin mendengarkan dan menyiarkan suara
rekan-rekan mereka. Sebelum bencana itu, banyak orang mengomentari kurangnya
hubungan manusia dalam masyarakat Jepang. Hasil-hasil ini jelas menunjukkan
betapa orang menghargai hubungan ini sekarang.”

Ketika ditanya apakah pemerintah telah memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat
setelah bencana itu, 94% menjawab tidak. Dari jumlah tersebut, 42% menekankan
bahwa pemerintah telah bertindak lambat. Ditanya tentang tanggapan pribadi
mereka terhadap bencana itu, 41,2% melaporkan bahwa mereka telah terlibat dalam
upaya relawan, dan 27% telah memberikan sumbangan.

Profesor Toshiaki Muramoto dari Sekolah Tinggi Pascasarjana Ilmu Informasi
Tohoku University, yang membantu merancang dan mengawasi survei ini,
berkomentar, “Ini merupakan survei penting, dan jarang karena para mahasiswa
memprakarsainya sendiri. Melalui bencana ini, orang telah mengetahui pentingnya
percaya dan saling mengandalkan. Saya merasa ini sangat penting bagi masa depan
masyarakat Jepang.”

Survei ini dilakukan antara tanggal 1 Juli dan 21 Agustus. Seluruhnya, 700
siswa didekati, dan 511 menyelesaikan survei tersebut (73%).

Soka Gakkai adalah perhimpunan Umat Buddha di tingkat akar rumput dengan
lebih dari 8 juta rumah tangga anggota di Jepang. Kelompok lokal Soka Gakkai di
wilayah Tohoku melakukan bantuan kemanusiaan dan inisiatif dukungan masyarakat
luas setelah bencana 11 Maret. Untuk rincian aktivitas bantuan organisasi
tersebut, silakan lihat:
http://www.sgi.org/assets/pdf/Japan-Earthquake-Relief-Report.pdf. Aktivisme
sosial Soka Gakkai dan organisasi SGI afiliasinya di seluruh dunia merupakan
bagian dari tradisi humanisme Umat Buddha sejak lama.

Sumber: Soka Gakkai International

Hubungi:
Joan Anderson
Kantor Informasi Publik
Soka Gakkai International
Tel: +81-80-5957-4711
Fax: +81-3-5360-9885
E-mail: janderson [at] sgi.gr.jp


Survey of Japanese Students Shows Changes in Attitudes, Outlook since March Disaster

TOKYO, Sep. 15 /Kyodo JBN-AsiaNet/ —

A survey carried out by members of the Soka Gakkai student division in the Tohoku region of northern Japan shows significant shifts in young people’s attitudes since the March 11, 2011, “triple disaster” of earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident.

In a survey of over 500 students at a total of 47 universities and vocational schools in Miyagi, Fukushima and Iwate (the three most directly affected prefectures), as well as Aomori, Akita and Yamagata, respondents stated that their views on the purpose of work, on nuclear power, and the importance of helping others had changed.

When seeking employment, the students’s key purpose had previously been earning money (23.2%). Now it is reported to be “helping others” (18.8%) and “attaining a stable life” (17.7%). Many also indicated that their motivation is now for the sake of the community (16.8%).

When asked on what issues their views had changed, 19.9% of respondents stated that their views on nuclear power had changed (this figure was higher, at 23%, among students from the affected areas), 18.1% indicated a shift in their perspective on the importance of helping others and 17.7% a change in their appreciation for the basics of daily life such as shelter, food and clothing.

When asked if they identified any positive outcome of the March 11 disaster, 45% mentioned the strengthening of links between people. In terms of lessons they had learned, 34.2% stressed the need for disaster preparedness and 21.1% highlighted the importance of caring for others.

To a question about the characteristics of their ideal society, 38.2% identified a society where people can trust and rely on each other.

Hironobu Nakamura, Soka Gakkai Tohoku student division leader, comments, “Many of our student members have been helping out with relief efforts. They wanted through this survey to listen to and broadcast the voices of their peers. Before the disaster many people were commenting on the lack of human connections in Japanese society. The results clearly indicate how much people value these connections now.”

When asked whether the government had met people’s needs after the disaster, 94% responded that it had not. Of these, 42% highlighted that the government had been slow to act. Questioned about their personal response to the disaster, 41.2% reported that they had engaged in volunteer work, and 27% had given donations.

Professor Toshiaki Muramoto of the Tohoku University Graduate School of Information Sciences, who helped design and supervise the survey, comments, “This is an important survey, and rare in that the students initiated it themselves. Through this disaster, people have learned the importance of trusting and relying on each other. I feel this is extremely important for the future of Japanese society.”

The survey was carried out between July 1 and August 21. In total, 700 students were approached, and 511 completed the survey (73%).

The Soka Gakkai is a grassroots Buddhist association with over 8 million member households in Japan. Local Soka Gakkai groups in the Tohoku region carried out extensive humanitarian relief and community support initiatives following the March 11 disaster. For details of the organization’s relief activities, please see: http://www.sgi.org/assets/pdf/Japan-Earthquake-Relief-Report.pdf. The social activism of Soka Gakkai and its affiliated SGI organizations around the world is part of the longstanding tradition of Buddhist humanism.

Source: Soka Gakkai International

Contact:
Joan Anderson
Office of Public Information
Soka Gakkai International
Tel: +81-80-5957-4711
Fax: +81-3-5360-9885
E-mail: janderson[at]sgi.gr.jp